(c) 2013, Bloomberg News.

(c) 2013, Bloomberg News.

NEW YORK U.S. stocks fell, with the Standard & Poor's 500 Index extending declines in the final hour of trading, amid data that showed manufacturing unexpectedly climbed last month and reports on holiday retail sales.

Urban Outfitters lost 3.5 percent as retail spending fell on the weekend after Thanksgiving for the first time since 2009. EBay climbed 1.6 percent as a report showed online spending on Black Friday rose to a record. Newmont Mining, the world's second-largest gold producer, slipped 4 percent as the precious metal's price declined. 3M lost 4.4 percent after Morgan Stanley downgraded the stock.

The S&P 500 dropped 0.3 percent to 1,800.90 at 4 p.m. in New York, after earlier rising as much as 0.2 percent. The Dow Jones Industrial Average lost 77.64 points, or 0.5 percent, to 16,008.77. About 5.8 billion shares changed hands on U.S. exchanges on Monday, 4.8 percent below the three-month average.

"It seems like a sleepy day after Thanksgiving, nothing exciting going on," Frank Ingarra, head trader at Greenwich, Conn.-based NorthCoast Asset Management, said by phone. His firm oversees about $1.8 billion. "Investors are probably waiting to see if there's any news from the Fed later in the month and trying to get a read on retail sales."

It was the second time in two days that U.S. equities tumbled in the final hour. The benchmark index lost 0.5 percent to 1,803.98 over 20 minutes just before the close on Friday, when stocks traded in an abbreviated session. Monday's drop took it down 0.4 percent to 1,798.73 between 3:24 p.m. and 3:53 p.m.

"We have seen some end-of-day weakness in recent trading sessions," Alan Gayle, senior investment strategist and director of asset allocation at RidgeWorth Capital Management, said by phone from Atlanta. His firm oversees about $49 million. "It may be turning out to be a pattern."

The S&P 500 climbed 2.8 percent last month and has gained 26 percent this year, challenging 2003 for the best annual performance since 1998, after the Federal Reserve refrained from tapering its third round of economic stimulus. The central bank next meets Dec. 17-18. The index ended November with its eighth straight weekly advance, the longest rally in almost a decade, as data on employment and consumer sentiment boosted confidence in economic growth.

The Institute for Supply Management's factory index rose to 57.3 in November from 56.4 a month earlier, the Tempe, Ariz.- based group's report showed on Monday. The median projection in a Bloomberg survey of 77 economists called for a drop to 55.1. Estimates ranged from 53.5 to 57.5. Manufacturing accounts for about 12 percent of the economy.

A separate report from Markit Economics showed the final November index of U.S. manufacturing increased to 54.7 from 51.8 the previous month. The median forecast in a Bloomberg survey of economists called for no change from the preliminary November reading of 54.3. Other reports showed manufacturing in the euro area, U.K. and China expanded faster than estimated.

The Labor Department's jobs report on Friday is forecast to show the U.S. added 180,000 jobs last month and the unemployment rate slipped to 7.2 percent, matching the lowest level in five years. The weakest employment recovery in seven decades is proving a boon to equity markets.

Five years into a rally that has restored $14 trillion to share prices, U.S. payrolls remain 1.5 million below the level in 2008, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Resistance to hiring from ConocoPhillips to Walt Disney will help push S&P 500 profit margins above 10 percent next year, the highest ever, data show. Below-average employment was cited last month by Fed chairman nominee Janet Yellen as the biggest obstacle to raising interest rates.

December has been the second-best month for U.S. equity returns, according to data compiled by Bloomberg that starts in 1928. The average return for the month is 1.5 percent, more than twice the overall monthly mean of 0.6 percent. Should stocks match their historic gains this month, it would put the index at 1,832.90 by the end of the year.

U.S. retailers are coming off the first spending decline on a Black Friday weekend since 2009. Purchases at stores and websites fell 2.9 percent to $57.4 billion during the four days beginning with the Nov. 28 Thanksgiving holiday, according to a survey commissioned by the National Retail Federation.

"I would have expected Thanksgiving weekend sales to be stronger, given how well financial markets have done," Scott Clemons, chief investment strategist at Brown Brothers Harriman Wealth Management, which oversees $22 billion, said by phone. "We're skeptical that the price movement in stocks this year has been supported by fundamentals, so we're lightening up."

An S&P index of retailers fell 0.7 percent for the fifth- worst performance among 24 industries. Urban Outfitters paced declines, losing 3.5 percent to $37.66 after being downgraded to neutral from buy at Sterne, Agee & Leach.

Online spending rose 15 percent to a record $1.2 billion, according to ComScore, as more customers opted to shop from their couches rather than battling long lines at stores. Online retailers can expect 131 million shoppers for Monday's Cyber Monday promotions, up from 129 million last year, the National Retail Federation said.

EBay climbed 1.6 percent to $51.35. The company was the second-most visited online retailer on Black Friday, behind Amazon.com, ComScore said.

Eight out of 10 main industries in the S&P 500 fell. Phone companies lost 0.9 percent for the steepest decline, as a jump in Treasury yields reduced the appeal of companies paying higher dividends. Ten-year Treasury note yields increased five basis points to 2.80 percent.

Graham Holdings, which is changing its name from Washington Post Co., lost 3.6 percent to $649.62. The education and media company agreed to sell its headquarters building in downtown Washington to Carr Properties for about $159 million.

3M dropped 4.4 percent to $127.68 for the biggest loss in the Dow. Morgan Stanley downgraded the stock to the equivalent of sell and Oppenheimer chief market technician Carter Worth said the stock is overpriced.

Travelers slid 1.9 percent to $89. The second-largest U.S. commercial insurer was cut to neutral from buy at Goldman Sachs.

Groupon, the online discount-coupon company, slid 3.3 percent to $8.75. Goldman Sachs cut its rating on the stock to neutral from buy.

Newmont lost 4 percent to $23.83. Gold touched to the lowest level since July, as signs of the strengthening U.S. economy fueled speculation the Fed will curb its monetary stimulus.

Dow Chemical added 2.4 to $39.98. The largest U.S. chemical maker by sales plans to separate chlorine-related assets including its epoxy business as the company focuses on higher-margin activities.

Freddie Mac rose 7.5 percent to $2.59. Bank of America agreed to pay the government-sponsored mortgage insurer $404 million to resolve mortgage-repurchase claims.

The deal covers about 716,000 loans created by Charlotte, N.C.-based Bank of America from Jan. 1, 2000, to Dec. 31, 2009, and sold to Freddie Mac, the firms said Monday in separate statements.

The Chicago Board Options Exchange Volatility Index, the gauge of S&P 500 options known as the VIX, rose 3.9 percent to 14.23 on Monday. The measure has gained five straight sessions, rallying 16 percent, for the longest winning streak this year.


With assistance from Namitha Jagadeesh in London