(c) 2013, Bloomberg News.

(c) 2013, Bloomberg News.

NEW YORK U.S. stocks rose, sending the Standard & Poor's 500 Index higher for a second day, as China's cash crunch eased and slower-than-forecast economic growth fueled speculation the Federal Reserve will maintain stimulus.

Citigroup and Bank of America rose at least 0.7 percent as financial stocks rallied. Boeing and Microsoft jumped more than 2 percent to pace gains in the the Dow Jones Industrial Average. Barrick Gold and Newmont Mining fell more than 5.9 percent, leading a selloff in precious- metal producers as gold and silver slumped to 34-month lows.

The S&P 500 increased 1 percent to 1,603.26 at 4 p.m. in New York. The index has rallied 1.9 percent over two days, after slumping to a nine-week low on Monday. The Dow climbed 149.83 points, or 1 percent, to 14,910.14 on Wednesday. Almost 6.6 billion shares changed hands Wednesday on U.S. exchanges, about in line with the three-month average.

"We've had a relatively sharp selloff over a couple of days and we're getting a bounce here," James Gaul, a portfolio manager at Boston Advisors, which oversees about $2.6 billion in assets, said in a phone interview. "Weaker economic numbers may be met with favor by the market because it can suggest that the Fed can slow the tapering process or not taper if the economy looks weaker than expected."

Gross domestic product expanded at a revised 1.8 percent annualized rate from January through March, down from a prior estimate of 2.4 percent, figures from the Commerce Department showed Wednesday in Washington. Household purchases, which account for about 70 percent of the economy, were revised to a 2.6 percent advance compared with the 3.4 percent gain estimated last month.

The S&P 500 climbed 1 percent Tuesday after reports on durable-goods orders, new house sales and consumer confidence bolstered confidence in the economy. The gauge has still retreated 4 percent from a record high reached May 21 as Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke said the central bank may start paring quantitative-easing measures this year if the recovery continues to improve in line with forecasts.

Central bank stimulus has helped fuel a rally in stocks worldwide, with the benchmark U.S. index surging as much as 147 percent from its March 2009 low.

Fed Bank of Richmond President Jeffrey Lacker said he expects the U.S. expansion to remain "sluggish" for "a couple more years," and Wednesday's downward revision to first-quarter growth is in line with his outlook. Lacker, who doesn't vote on the Federal Open Market Committee this year, said he sees growth of about 2.25 percent in 2014.

"The economy is telling us this is about all we're capable of right now," Lacker said Wednesday in a Bloomberg Television interview with Peter Cook. "We're going to continue to get growth at a fairly disappointing rate going forward."

Stocks advanced in Asia and Europe Wednesday as the cost of locking in China's interest rates slid for a fourth day and money-market rates fell. The People's Bank of China said in a statement Tuesday that it has provided financing to some financial institutions to stabilize interbank lending rates. The central bank added that it will use short-term liquidity operations and existing loan-facility tools to ensure steady markets.

"The PBOC reiterated overnight that it is comfortable with its current stance on liquidity and stands ready to avoid a collapse, but it is not keen to give in to demand from banks," said Ioan Smith, a strategist at Knight Capital Europe in London. "This may have helped markets to some degree, but there will be a lot of posturing over the next few days as investors have the month end in their sights."

The S&P 500 has lost 1.7 percent in June, paring its advance in the second quarter to 2.2 percent. It is on course to end a streak of seven monthly advances, the longest run since September 2009. The Chicago Board Options Exchange Volatility Index, or VIX, retreated 6.8 percent to 17.21. The benchmark gauge for U.S. stock options surged to the highest level since Dec. 28 last week amid concern the Fed may begin tightening monetary policy.

All 10 industries in the S&P 500 increased on Wednesday, with health-care companies climbing the most. UnitedHealth jumped 1.7 percent to $64.78 while Johnson & Johnson rallied 1.9 percent to $86.99. Microsoft increased 2 percent to $34.35 and Boeing added 2.1 percent to $100.75.

Financial shares advanced 1 percent. Citigroup gained 1.3 percent to $47.61, and Bank of America added 0.7 percent to $12.76.

Pandora Media gained 8 percent to $17.73. Cowen & Co. analyst John Blackledge boosted his rating of the biggest online radio service to outperform, the equivalent of buy, from market perform, following news that the number of U.S. listeners in cars topped 2.5 million.

Hartford Financial Services added 2.8 percent to $29.99. The insurer boosted its plan for buybacks and lifted its dividend by 50 percent after Chief Executive Officer Liam McGee sold assets to simplify the company.

Teradata surged 3.9 percent to $50.40. Morgan Stanley said shares of the database management company represent a buying opportunity after a recent slump, citing improving demand for data warehouses. The stock has fallen 19 percent this year, compared to a 12 percent increase in the S&P 500.

Barrick Gold, the world's largest gold miner, dropped 8.3 percent to $14.78, the lowest in a decade. Newmont slid 5.9 percent to $27.22. Materials producers had the weakest performance among 10 S&P 500 groups as gold and silver tumbled after Tuesday's U.S. economic data bolstered the case for the Fed to reduce stimulus.

Apollo Group sank 10 percent to $17.39 for the biggest drop in the S&P 500. The largest U.S. for-profit college said earnings in the fiscal third quarter fell 40 percent as new enrollment tumbled.

Apple slid 1.1 percent to $398.07, the lowest level since April. The maker of iPhones and iPads has fallen 14 percent from a May 8 peak, and is down 43 percent from a record high reached in September.

Customers of American equity mutual funds withdrew money for the fifth straight week, the longest stretch since Jan. 2, as stocks tumbled amid signs the Fed may scale back its unprecedented stimulus.

Mutual funds that invest in U.S. shares had $463 million in outflows in the five days that ended with the Fed's policy statement on June 19, according to data from Washington-based Investment Company Institute released Wednesday. Redemptions since May 16 total $7.3 billion.

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With assistance from Sarah Jones in London.

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